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9 Lies What To Do With NFT After Buyings Tell
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Wherefore are NFTs so expensive





Blood line as the beginning of appreciate is naught novel. Kanye Western United States lav sell a t-shirt for $120 because he’s Kanye Rebecca West. Think how a great deal he could deal the White t-shirt he wore on degree for a record. Belle Delphine’s bathwater is sold taboo at $50 (NSFW site). It doesn’t matter that we give notice buy a t-shirt for $5 or have our possess sordid bathwater. Blood line matters.



Wherefore NFTs are Valuable



The Beeple "Firstly 5,000 Days" NFT sold for $69,000,000 live on workweek. Naturally, that's lift about eyebrows roughly what the buyer real bought.



Obviously, the emptor doesn’t possess the prowess in whatsoever traditional sentience. Look, I toilet library paste it properly here:






And in front you sound out "you commode do that with a house painting also!" That’s non quite true up. A impression of a house painting is dissimilar from the house painting. The JPG of the First off 5,000 Days patch is the piece. There’s no difference of opinion.




This is nonpareil problem with the ownership argumentation about NFT art (presentation for the unfamiliar). You don’t own the nontextual matter the Sami fashion you power own an original Picasso. You Can NFT be sold’t destruct it, you can’t change it, you don’t rattling mastery it in any especial way.



Simply that’s the matter with NFTs, you’re non buying the artistic creation. You’re purchasing the NFT. The NFT is non the artwork. It’s a few lines of codes that includes a extension to the art, only that’s it. The fine art doesn’t tied endure in the NFT since it would be way excessively a great deal data to commit on the Ethereum blockchain. Entirely the NFT has is a unite to where the artistry is!





I could go take another NFT of the demand Saame slice of artistic production right now, and no one and only could rattling break off me. Simply it wouldn’t be worth anything. Wherefore non?



Well, for one, it wouldn’t feature an authentic origin. It's extremely soft to aver whether an NFT came from Beeple or non. In fact, it's importantly easier to do this with NFT graphics than with "real world" artwork since everything on the Ethereum blockchain is legible. All Beeple would hold to do is twirp the world speech he's sign language his nontextual matter from and and so anything of his that's sign-language by any former address we'd have it away is misrepresent.



Inception as the beginning of appreciate is nil New. Kanye Cicily Isabel Fairfield commode betray a t-shirt for $120 because he’s Kanye Westward. Suppose how practically he could betray the Stanford White t-shirt he wore on point for a point. Belle Delphine’s bathwater is sold verboten at $50 (NSFW site). It doesn’t matter that we nates purchase a t-shirt for $5 or pee-pee our have soiled bathwater. Descent matters.



You mightiness recall of an NFT non as the art, just as the signature tune on the art. Historically you had to have the physical set up to get the key signature. Nowadays we throne nonobjective the theme song into its ain asset, and you bum buy the creator’s self-stated seal of genuineness.



Another doctrine of analogy Hera is a college grade. Tuition at Carnegie Mellon is $57,119 per twelvemonth. At the last of quadruplet years, you meet a opus of paper. Is that set up of composition Worth $228,476? You could barely photoshop your public figure into this single and telephone it a day:





Only it’s not the while of paper, it’s the parentage of the newspaper and what it tells mass. The signature matters. It tells people you gone 4 age and enough money to keep open 65 lives from malaria learning… something. Hopefully. And therefore they should yield you more than than the otherwise undistinguishable bookman a few miles forth.



The damage of a academic degree is not about knowledge or the friends you made along the fashion. Those could be had for Former Armed Forces less money. It’s well-nigh signaling. Signal you were militant and wealthy decent to arrest into this institution, and and so check your scarf out imbibing swell enough to finis for foursome geezerhood.



The college stage exists someplace on the spectrum between "utility" and "signaling." And single middling reproducible trueness with the usefulness to sign spectrum is that as things engender more than expensive, we normally determine ourselves nearer and finisher to the sign death of the spectrum.



The $5 t-shirt is pure substitute. The Kanye t-shirt is nearly solely sign. Everything we buy, and own, waterfall someplace on this utility to sign spectrum.





So where are NFTs suited directly? Correctly here:





NFTs are entrancing in section because they train the public-service corporation to signal ratio to the extreme. Thither has ne'er been something so worthful that’s so dead useless. Tulips you could at to the lowest degree set. At that place is effectively goose egg service program to owning NFTs that are on the grocery right-hand now, too meditation just about their future tense evaluate.



So on the far side speculation, Why are NFTs so expensive why are they valuable? Sign. At that place are approximately 240,000 exclusive wallets with complete $1m USD in Bitcoin. If you suddenly came into a few milly, you’d wanna picture off likewise. NFTs are a fun novel elbow room to indicate riches and gustatory perception.



Just they’re also a means to point how too soon you are in the crypto economy. If you bargain into the thought that NFTs testament localise a New measure for extremity rights direction and digital ownership (which I do, Thomas More on that side by side time), buying close to straight off is sort of the like purchasing BTC spinal column in 2013 or registering a 3-letter of the alphabet realm key out in the other days of the web.



And to be clear, I perfectly honey NFT engineering science and am going away to spell or so it practically Thomas More. I’m non pointing forbidden their high betoken to substitute ratio to criticize them. I’m pointing it KO'd because I imagine they’re being unfairly criticized for beingness a permissive waste of money. Signal is exceedingly valuable, and NFTs are a entrancing New right smart to peacock and perchance experience full-bodied along the elbow room.



So are NFTs a gurgle? I dubiety it. NFTs are acquiring tons of press out just the grocery store is even so lowercase in the princely dodging of things.



The artistic production food market is worth



67 billion dollars. The NFT grocery store only if make 338 jillion in 2020. Perchance it’ll strike a few one million million this class. Simply and so gene in how a great deal easier it is to buy NFTs than art, and how many other industries NFTs could deplete away at, and that 67 billion numerate precisely sounds alike a start distributor point.



For example, sports ware. More or less of the money acquiring worn out on NBA merch is at present flow into TopShot. TopShot has through at least a few 100 trillion in minutes so far, which sounds mad until you think that NBA merchandise, which has no high-risk investing component, is a nearly 50 trillion dollar sign manufacture.



Or liken NFTs to other crypto options. Bitcoin’s grocery pileus is all over 1 one million million. If at that place were a Beeple-sized, $69m cut-rate sale every bingle day for a year, the NFT securities industry would hush be only when $25b, or 2.5% of the Bitcoin marketplace. It is Former.



Patch I don't think NFTs are a bubble, I intend there are a good deal more interesting enjoyment cases for NFTs that aren't existence through with nonetheless. Uses that wish return them on the far side bare signaling, and pay them more or less newfangled forms of service program that weren't previously potential online.



In one case we start out sightedness More of those utilization cases arrive, the securities industry leave simply go along to grow.



This clause to begin with appeared as an test in my Mon Potpourri newsletter, which you bottom star sign up for here.






"We're beholding a New contemporaries of traders within the NFT market; populate WHO are digitally indigene sounding for extremity native plus classes external of established plus markets," Ivanova aforementioned. "These are the great unwashed World Health Organization have amassed reputation and riches and privation to gift it in purely practical assets equivalent NFTs."



What are NFTs?



NFTs are non-fungible tokens — import you couldn't telephone exchange unitary NFT for some other — that test on a blockchain network, a integer daybook that records all minutes of cryptocurrencies care bitcoin.



The difference with bitcoin and other tokens, though, is that for each one NFT is unequaled and can't be replicated. Each single accrues assess severally. Crypto investors articulate NFTs come their time value from how barely they are. They're stored in digital wallets as collectors' items. Beyond graphics and sports, hoi polloi get also set up uses for NFTs in virtual tangible acres and play.



Nadya Ivanova, main in operation military officer of BNP Paribas-connected enquiry steady L'Atelier, says collectable extremity assets send away be idea of as a break interpretation of an MP3 file cabinet. Musicians have got struggled to gain from their put to work in the appendage age, and Ivanova says some are turn to NFTs to try ownership of their lick and encounter an additional informant of gross.



"It's allowing depicted object creators to actually own the attribute rights for what they create, which allows them to net income from it in different ways which they can't do with forcible art," she told CNBC, adding that crypto artwork is the strongest flourishing subdivision of the appendage collectibles market.



The totality evaluate of NFT minutes quadrupled to $250 one thousand thousand hold up year, according to a branch of knowledge from NonFungible and L'Atelier. The numeral of integer wallets trading them just about double to ended 222,179, spell some traders were capable to nominate net of all over $100,000.



"We're beholding a new coevals of traders inside the NFT market; multitude World Health Organization are digitally aboriginal looking for for appendage aboriginal plus classes external of effected plus markets," Ivanova said. "These are multitude WHO take in congregate reputation and wealthiness and need to empower it in purely practical assets equal NFTs."



Ivanova says the NFT grocery store has been maturing. Noted auction bridge put up Christie's auctioned an NFT-based cultivate of graphics created by Beeple, a well-known digital creative person who has created videos and nontextual matter for celebrities like Ariana Grande and Justin Bieber.





What was it more or less this artwork that made it so hotly contended? The sale of the artwork came with some interesting features:



Appendage art: What are NFTs and why are they so worthful?





How do you learn appreciate? Thought well-nigh this nowadays as I escort spattered across the media newsworthiness almost a extremity art that sold online for US$69.3 billion. Straightaway that's a really expensive JPEG single file. What caused the cost to make such foolhardy high? Supply and demand, scarceness value, novelty factor, big rights? In the causa of this nontextual matter potentially a compounding of completely of the to a higher place.



The artist Microphone Winklemann professionally known as “Beeple” was non good known remote of the extremity art human race. Nowadays he is single of the virtually expensive living artists you had believably ne'er heard of. Until directly.



Christies was the auction bridge theatre that sold his artwork and whilst they make an incredible pureblooded in merchandising prowess which dates book binding to the 1700's, this was the first time they or whatsoever former John Major auction put up had sold a patch of nontextual matter that was all appendage (with a NFT). I say that they themselves were unsure of how to evaluate the put together. Its average to enjoin the auction sale went really well, it was a memorialise breaker, and judgement by the artist's twitter course he appears to be astonished by the concluding Price gainful.



.@beeple 's 'The First of all 5000 Days', the 1st purely appendage NFT founded nontextual matter offered by a Major auction mansion has sold for $69,346,250, placement him among the spinning top triplet well-nigh valuable living artists. John R. Major Thanks to @beeple + @makersplaceco. More than inside information to be discharged shortly

— Christie's (@ChristiesInc) Border district 11, 2021



What was it around this art that made it so heatedly contended? The sale of the art came with close to interesting features:





  1. Sold with a Not Fungible Token.


  3. Purely appendage artwork.


  5. A compiling of 5,000 soul artworks.


  7. Cut-rate sale appendage managed by one of the nearly august auction houses, Christies.


  9. Cryptocurrency was an acceptable human body of defrayment.




Until Tuesday this hebdomad I had ne'er heard of NFT's or Not Fungible Tokens. Crypto currency? Yes. Blockchain? Sure. NFT? Nope. I constitute away roughly them by risk when get together with a patronage better half he mentioned NFT’s to me. "NF what?" I queried. He patiently explained the concept and how NFT's could be applied to assets such as artworks and euphony using blockchain engineering. I was concerned to listen nigh it simply wondered where had I been completely this clock? He believes NFT's are the side by side braggy thing, upright his opinion, perfectly not advice!



The phonograph recording producing graphics by Beeple is coroneted “Everydays: the offset 5,000 days", a digital asset compiled of 5,000 individual artworks. If the new owner(s) decide to sell the artwork in the future it will have to be sold as a whole, they will be unable to siphon off individual pieces to sell. Whilst the artwork is a rich tapestry of thousands of pieces the owners will be able to zoom in on each individual piece, so it Can you mint an NFT for free certainly provide them with some viewing variety.









Everydays — The First 5,000 Days, by an artist named Beeple, released by Christie's (Christie's Via AP)



There is no doubt in my mind that an important part of the value of the artwork was that it was sold with a non fungible token or NFT. The NFT is essentially a digital trademark providing proof of provenance and ownership. With the use of a NFT authenticity of the asset is forever assured; using blockchain technology the token will be stored on a digital ledger. Should the artwork change hands in the future the NFT would go with it providing an important safeguard that this is the original piece, helping combat the risk of fraud and forgery. This can be a serious and expensive issue in the art world which is well covered in the popular BBC television series “Fake or Fortune”.



It is easy to understand how a NFT can provide safety to buyers and sellers, particularly important for digital art which can be easily replicated. It will be fascinating to watch from the sidelines to see How do I start a NFT business the use of NFT's develop. No question that we really do live in interesting times.





Deutsche Bank suffered a similar shock in 2015 when a junior member of the bank’s forex sales team accidentally transferred a hedge fund $6 billion, but luckily for the fledgling member of staff, the hedge fund was kind enough to send it back.



What are NFTs?



NFT stands for “Non-Fungible Token.” Non-fungible essentially means it cannot be traded in for something else, in the same way a $50 dollar note could be traded for two $20 dollar and one $10 dollar note.



NFTs are sometimes compared to art pieces like paintings (because there will only ever be one original) but they’re also regularly compared to autograph prints, collectibles, and trading cards. Whichever traditional, real-world analog is closest, they are effectively digital certificates of ownership.



NFTs can contain smart contracts — which run on the Ethereum blockchain — which could, in theory, give the original creator of an NFT a percentage of all future sales of the token.



Why are they so expensive? Scarcity, first of all, but the marketplace in general — and the subsequent price of NFTs — is driven by the momentum and sentiment floating around this young, exciting new asset.



Who knows How do I start selling NFT expensive NFTs will get — or, conversely, when the bubble will burst.





Swiss IT security company Wisekey has also moved into this business. “Digital twins for luxury items and art are the main markets so far, but other uses of NFTs are emerging, in particular for certifying intellectual property and identity,” says CEO Carlos Moreira. The company provides NFTs to protect luxury objects and has recently launched an art marketplace. It plans to introduce its own cryptocurrency and is working on projects for digital rights management of music and movies.



NFT explosion: Why are people buying digital art?



You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4.0 International license.



Built on the same technology as Bitcoin, NFTs have been a hot topic in 2021. They enable a real market for digital works of art while fueling unprecedented speculation.



2021 might become known as the year when digital art exploded. On March 11, a cryptocurrency investor paid $69 million for the digital painting “Everydays: The First 5000 Days” during an auction organized by Christie’s. The blinking GIF Fomo is currently for sale for $2 million—60 times what it sold for only nine months ago. And a series of 10,000 straightforward-looking illustrations of monkeys, called the Bored Ape Yacht Club, are collectively worth more than one billion dollars.



This mind-boggling bubble is fueled by the NFT technology, which enables cryptocurrencies such as bitcoins or ethers to be exchanged against digital objects. An NFT or “non-fungible token” is a digital data string that establishes proof of ownership of a specific item that usually exists in the virtual world. It could be, for instance, a digital work of art, a financial asset, or a patent.



NFTs live on the blockchain, a transaction-tracking decentralized ledger, which until recently was mainly known for being behind Bitcoin. It has generated incredible hype while extending its potential impact on many industries, from finance to art, music, intellectual property, and luxury goods.



NFTs and royalties



“NFT has really enabled a market for digital art,” says Robert Zumkeller, a graphic designer who started creating NFT illustrations while a student at the FHNW Academy of Art and Design in Basel. “I am not certain that I would have found a brick-and-mortar gallery willing to exhibit my digital work, nor buyers who would acquire a physical screen to own it. With NFTs, I could use an online gallery,, to showcase my work and sell it.”



Like everything else recorded on a blockchain, art NFTs allow for tracking all transactions after their initial sale. This tracking allows for a perpetual royalty payback, explains Zumkeller. Under his moniker, Vicarivs, the young artist will receive 10% on any subsequent sale of his work—something that rarely happens with physical objects sold by galleries or collectors.



In physical art, only one original copy usually exists (or a few dozen, in the case of art prints). The original is distinguishable from reproductions, which are sold legally or as forgeries. With digital painting, the work of art is a data file, which can have an infinite number of perfect copies. That is why an NFT does not comprise the data file of the work of art itself; instead, it functions as proof of original ownership.



Digital versions of luxury goods



NFTs have also entered the luxury market, where recently, digital twins (a photograph or a 3D animation) of collector watches went up for auction in spring 2021. “More and more brands are looking into NFTs,” says Serge Maillard, managing editor of the watch magazine Europa Star. “First, as a useful tool to fight forgery by ensuring traceability and authenticity. Second, to develop and maintain a closer, more personal relationship with their client, without having to rely on intermediaries.”



Swiss IT security company Wisekey has also moved into this business. “Digital twins for luxury items and art are the main markets so far, but other uses of NFTs are emerging, in particular for certifying intellectual property and identity,” says CEO Carlos Moreira. The company provides NFTs to protect luxury objects and has recently launched an art marketplace. It plans to introduce its own cryptocurrency and is working on projects for digital rights management of music and movies.



Altogether, the NFT market ballooned over the last twelve months with a 700% increase from the second to the third quarter of 2021, according to the analytics platform Dappradar. This bubble confirms the speculative character of cryptocurrencies and blockchain applications; namely: the dollar value of the bitcoin has increased by a factor of 100,000 over ten years.



Speculation and impact



“So far, design choices on the technology have helped to fuel speculation,” explains Claudio Tessone, professor of blockchain and distributed ledger technologies at the University of Zurich’s department of informatics. “The most widespread systems are based on the so-called proof-of-work, where the validating and tracking of all transactions by the network as well as the introduction of new tokens only work because users run computations on their systems.



“As the devoted resources have been accelerating under a constant rate of supply, the creation of assets is becoming more and more expensive, which fuels an increase of their value, just like oil prices going up when it’s harder to extract. In turn, this creates incentives to invest resources in the blockchain, which fuels a self-reinforcing loop driving speculation and inflating prices further.”



The energy consumption of blockchain applications has been an increasing worry. While society is desperately trying to tackle climate change, it has simultaneously introduced economic services that consume as much electricity as a middle-sized country like Sweden. “There is some hope that a new architecture for blockchains, called proof-of-stake, will make the electricity needed to run it negligible,” says Tessone. “A new generation of platforms such as Cardano, Polkadot, or Tezos are already running on such systems, but their impact—while increasing—has been limited so far. We’ll have to see.”



However, this new architecture could generate new, problematic incentives. Until now, cryptocurrencies rewarded those setting up huge computer farms to profit from economies of scale and more efficient energy usage. A proof-of-stake blockchain rewards users instead who heavily invest in it, which fuels speculation. “As of now, it is hard to imagine blockchain without speculation,” says Tessone. “It is good to see that the community takes this problem seriously, cryptoeconomies for a future with more functional cryptoeconomies.”



Catherine Tucker, a professor of management at MIT who specializes in the blockchain, regrets this focus on speculation: “Most of the reporting on NFTs has been on the speculative aspects. This is rather frustrating, as it may lead to less experimentation on ideal-use cases.”



Not so private after all



One worry is that the anonymity provided by blockchain technology could help financial fraud. The most obvious ones are shill bidding to drive prices up at auction and insider trading. In September 2021, Opensea, the largest marketplace for NFTs, revealed that one of their employees had purchased items just before they were displayed for sale on its front page—an action that would amount to insider trading.



Many specialists’ forums discuss the risk of shill bidding, where an artist or someone they are conspiring with buys their work for a large sum to drive its price upwards and maintain the current bidding frenzy. This culminated with the suspicion that the owner of an NFT of the art series CryptoPunk borrowed 500 million dollars as a flash loan—a financing mechanism only available on the blockchain—to buy the NFT from themselves before returning the money. While a clever trick to inflate the price of their art, this move also raised suspicions that NFTs could be a perfect tool for money laundering.



Interestingly, specialists discovered these suspicious activities because all blockchain transactions are fully available to the public. “The famed privacy of cryptofinance is a mere illusion,” says Tessone. “It is based on the premise that users create a large number of wallets holding their assets in an attempt to obfuscate their transactions.” But in fact, many people choose to avoid this option because of the cost of transactions. And then, of course, there’s the traceability, adds Tessone: “mathematical network analysis can uncover suspicious activities, allowing tracing back transactions to a person even if they manage many wallets. This is Why are NFTs so expensive shill bidding on NFTs is not actually safe for fraudsters, contrary to what many commentators say.”



Catherine Tucker also cautions us against putting the blame entirely on NFTs, saying that “problems such as insider trading with NFTs are reflections of underlying user behavior in uncertain environments and persistent transaction costs. I am not sure if attributing fault to the technology is correct. Ultimately, technology is just technology.”





Now, as prices surge, owning a CryptoPunk has become a "digital flex" due to there being only a limited number of them. Several of their owners have also taken to flaunting them by using their punks as an avatar on social media sites like Twitter.



First and foremost, limited quality. Just like there would only ever be 21 million Bitcoin and not a single more, there will only ever be 10,000 CryptoPunks. It is up to the NFT creator if they want to have a rare collectible or have several versions of their NFT. Still, in both cases, the authenticity of the NFT is verifiable through their unique IDs and metadata.



In CryptoPunks, no two punks are the same. Some have a headband, some have caps, others have small shades, and many are wearing gold chains. Each punk has different attributes, and some are rarer than others. Simply put, the rarer an item, the higher its value.





After all, if you were to spend millions of dollars to buy a piece of work done by Picasso, you could hang it in a gallery and charge quite a bit of money for tickets to simply look at it. But NFTs are different. They’re digital files that can essentially be copy and pasted by anyone.



NFTs Are Unique



First and foremost, it’s important that you understand what the acronym NFT stands for, which is non-fungible token. The non-fungible part of the name points to the uniqueness of the digital asset. These pieces of art simply can’t be replaced.



To understand the difference between a fungible asset and a non-fungible asset, all you need to do is look at Bitcoin, Ethereum, or a wide range of other cryptocurrencies, which are all indeed fungible. After all, there’s nothing unique about a single bitcoin other than its ownership. One could be replaced with another and the owner wouldn’t mind because the value is the same no matter which coin he owns.



On the other hand, your dog is a non-fungible asset, albeit one that’s likely a very valuable member of your family. After all, I couldn’t walk in with another dog that looks pretty much the same, take yours and leave mine, without you being upset about it.



Your dog is unique. You know his personality, he knows yours, he gets along with your kids, friends, and family. Shucks, he’s part of the family. There’s no way to replace him.



Not that NFTs are living, breathing, animals that become part of the family, but they are just as unique and irreplaceable as your beloved family pet; hence, making them non-fungible.



Ultimately, uniqueness adds value. After all, value is a concept that’s built on supply and demand. When the supply is high and demand is low, value is hard to come by, but with NFTs, the supply count for each unique token is one! As a result, if someone wants to buy it, they’re not going to be able to unless they pony up the amount of money that the owner of the NFT is willing to accept for it since there’s no competitors to lean on when you don’t want to pay the price asked.





Cryptocurrencies involve a significant level of risk. Prices Can NFT be sold fluctuate on any given day. Because of such price fluctuations, you may gain or lose value of your assets at any moment.



Why are NFTs so expensive?





Cryptocurrencies involve a significant level of risk. Prices can fluctuate on any given day. Because of such price fluctuations, you may gain or lose value of your assets at any moment.



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Nonfungible tokens (NFTs) burst onto the scene earlier this year when some of them started pulling in millions of dollars at auctions. A confusing and controversial new digital asset is on the rise. DW‘s own experiment selling an NFT made a smaller splash. Which made us all the more curious: Why are some so expensive?



Explained: Why some NFTs are so expensive



Nonfungible tokens (NFTs) burst onto the scene earlier this year when some of them started pulling in millions of dollars at auctions. A confusing and controversial new digital asset is on the rise. DW‘s own experiment selling an NFT made a smaller splash. Which made us all the more curious: Why are some so expensive?



Patrons of the arts?



First, a reminder: NFTs prove ownership of digital files. They Can you buy NFT on Robinhood represent digital works of art but can also be associated with video game accessories, collectors items and more. Anything that can be stored as data on a blockchain can be an NFT. NFT transactions are recorded publicly on a blockchain and often bought with cryptocurrencies.



Investment bank JPMorgan recently valued the global NFT market at $7 billion (€6.3 billion). In October, an experiment by The Economist pulled in $420,000 when the weekly news magazine auctioned off an NFT of one of their cover pages. An issue about decentralized finance, the cover art portrayed cryptocurrencies alongside images from the children’s book “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.” Buyer @9x9x9 told The Economist it was the fitting title — “Down the Rabbit Hole” — that compelled them to purchase the data file of the cover.



But buyers of breathtakingly expensive NFTs point to a whole range of reasons for spending big bucks for the rights to a data file that anyone else can view or copy. Cryptocurrency entrepreneur Vignesh Sundaresan spent a record-breaking $69 million on an NFT earlier this year. The NFT enthusiast, who has invested in the technology, denied that he was trying to push up prices. He said he wanted to support the artist and showcase the technology. For other buyers, it’s about scarcity. “The buyer knows how many will be made and has blockchain proof of ownership,” American billionaire and NFT collector Mark Cuban told online news portal Business Insider.



What the data says



Researchers at the Alan Turing Institute (ATI) wanted to know what the data said about this phenomenon. “What we observed is that there is this gigantic heterogeneity in the success of NFTs,” Andrea Baronchelli, associate professor in mathematics at the University of London and ATI’s token economy theme lead, told DW. “Some — very few — do very well, a bunch do decently, and the majority are worthless.”



In 2021, ATI’s team of experts completed a study which looked at the role certain factors play in the price of NFTs. They looked at three components: the NFT’s visual features, previous sales of related NFTs and the social network of the buyer and seller. Researchers used a machine learning model to consider a dataset of 4.7 million NFTs exchanged by over 500,000 buyers and sellers. The result? Past sales of related NFTs was the most important of these three factors, accounting for over 50 per cent of the price variance.



For example, past sales of NFTs from the CryptoPunks collection, a prominent set of 10,000 tokens depicting pixel images of punks, would be a good indicator of future sales of tokens from the same collection. Visual features were the second most important aspect. Including this data increased the performance of the machine learning model by up to 20 per cent. Data showing the popularity of the traders increased performance by 10 per cent. Combined, they concluded these three factors can explain up to 70 per cent of the variability in NFT prices. They plan to look at more factors in the future, including the platform where the NFT is sold and the activity of the creator on social media.



An old market rethought



In the market for NFTs of digital artworks, one can recognize something of the traditional art market, where scarcity, social networks and, often to a lesser extent, content of the art piece help determine an object’s worth. But NFTs have some features that distinguish them from their real world counterparts, Mauro Martino, director of the Visual Artificial Intelligence Lab at IBM Research and ATI study co-author, told DW.



“A very big difference between the art market and NFTs is that the artists take 10 to 20 per cent from the secondary sales,” he said, “So anytime the piece will sell again, part of the sale will always go to the artist. This is really a novelty in the idea of art and can be a big game changer for artists.” This is possible because future sales of NFTs are recorded on blockchain, which allows artists to receive their cut automatically.



A JPEG of a rock



That is good news for anyone whose NFT has generated some money. But what about the majority that aren’t worth much at all? “There are 10,000 new pieces each and every day ready to go…I don’t know where,” said Martino. “There are not 10,000 new buyers every day to sustain this incredible production.” Stability in the NFT market would require greater attention from the public to attract traditional investors, as well as greater comfort with cryptocurrencies, the experts said. This development is likely still years away, and surprises could pop up in the meantime.



“If we notice that enthusiasm for NFTs today is very similar to the enthusiasm for cryptocurrencies at the very beginning, then we Can I create my own NFT expect some major correction,” said Baronchelli. This would have unclear implications for this nonfungible asset. “If I have Bitcoin and it goes down 40 per cent, I still have 60 per cent,” he said. “If I have a JPEG of a rock? What happens to the value of that JPEG? We don’t know, because there is nothing similar.”





As more financial advisors are learning, NFTs are starting to catch on, even among non-celebrities. And it may not be long before a client asks you how to include NFTs in their portfolio.



Why NFTs are so appealing



Simply put, people love collectibles. And thanks to the growing accessibility of NFT marketplaces, the title of "collector" now applies to someone trading free Space Jam tokens just as much as it does to prominent figures like the pseudonymous Whale Shark, who owns more than 220,000 pieces of digital art and has consulted Paris Hilton on How do I buy NFT art on Coinbase to break into the market.



As a financial advisor, your first priority is to look out for the long-term financial security of your clients. It might be helpful to think of NFTs the same way you would a rare stamp collection, for instance, or a signed original manuscript of the great American novel. NFTs are a lot like old-school comic book collecting, or baseball cards and Pokémon cards. Except, thanks to blockchain, their true scarcity (and value) is much less speculative because we have an irrefutable record of every token.



Assuming your clients have a healthy amount of money invested for their retirement, a sizable emergency fund and enough disposable income that they can experiment with NFTs, collecting can be a fun and innovative way to feel a part of the future.



But if someone isn’t in the position to invest money on speculative art – whether a hundred dollars or a thousand dollars here and there – there are ways your clients can dip their toes into the NFT market for free.



Why are NFTs so expensive
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